Humans have been brainstorming with different ideas, theories, craftsmanship, and inventions to satisfy their curiosity. Along the way, there have been significant developments in several fields of science, engineering, mathematics, and medicine. There were many scientists that helped shape our modern world. This world has seen scientists like Leonardo da Vinci (yes! He was a scientist) to Marie Curie to Thomas Edition to Stephen Hawking. Each of them has done remarkable contributions to society and the world. Who are the 10 greatest scientists in history? Here, we’ve prepared a list of 10 greatest scientists who we think have a great influence on scientific advancement.
Archimedes (287-212 BC)
Archimedes is regarded as the prophet to formal science in ancient times. He pushed physics, engineering, and mathematics to new heights. He discovered the laws of levers and pulleys, density, fluid equilibrium, Archimedes’ principle of buoyancy in different fields statics and hydrostatics.
Archimedes created an early concept of the physical sciences of mechanics and hydrostatics and discovered one of the most important concepts in physics – the center of gravity. Even though most of his work was burned, the remnants surviving works gave enough ideas to inspire Galileo Galilei and Isaac Newton.
Marie Curie (1867-1934)
Marie Curie is known as the mother of modern physics, credited by the Theory of Radioactivity. She was the first-ever woman to win a Nobel Prize. In her lifetime, she won two Nobel Prizes; one for discovering radioactivity and helping it apply in the field of X-ray and others for the discovery of elements: polonium and radium.
James Clerk Maxwell (1831 – 1879)
Maxwell was a Scottish scientist in the field of mathematical physics and is often regarded as a founder of the modern field of electrical engineering. His most praised achievement was the classical theory of electromagnetic radiation. He also brought electricity, magnetism, and light together as different manifestations of the same phenomenon, this unification led to the discovery of the existence of radio waves. His contribution to science has made it possible for us to include him in this list of the greatest scientists of all time.
Louis Pasteur (1822-1895)
He was a French chemist, microbiologist, and biologist, popularly known as the ‘father of microbiology’. Pasteur’s inventions of vaccination have saved millions of people from infectious diseases and helped us find a way to improve our immune system. He is credited with the development of a vaccine for rabies, puerperal fever, anthrax, and other diseases. Louis Pasteur discovery of vaccination became the major part of medicine that is it today. Pasteur is also credited for inventing the food safety process known after his name ‘Pasteurization’.
Michael Faraday (1791-1867)
Faraday was one of the greatest, self-educated scientists of his time and still is. He discovered the existence of chemicals like Carbon, Chlorine, and has contributed to the fields of electrochemistry, diamagnetism, electrolysis, and electromagnetic induction. Faraday’s electromagnetic devices are the backbone of modern-day electric motor technology.
Richard Phillips Feynman(1918 – 1988)
He was a theoretical physicist known for his work in the integral formulation of quantum mechanics and the theory of quantum electrodynamics. Richard Feynman and his method of teaching quantum mechanics were revolutionary. For his contributions to the development of quantum electrodynamics, Feynman along with Julian Schwinger and Shin’ichiro Tomonaga received the Nobel Prize in Physics. He also assisted in the development of the atomic bomb during World War II.
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642)
Born in Pisa, Italy in 1564, Galileo is called the father of modern science because of his discoveries in astronomy and physics. He is called the father of observational astronomy, the scientific method, modern physics, and modern science. He built one of the world’s first telescopes and has many contributions in the field of astronomy. Galileo also contributed to the science of motion.
Nikola Tesla (1856-1943)
This Genius scientist discovered the rotating magnetic field and the alternating-current (AC) electrical system. He is also the inventor of an Induction motor,. He is credited with the development of modern electricity, the first hydro-electric plant, remote control, modern electric motor, transistors, and tons of other machines. In a way, he has shaped how the world works now.
Albert Einstein (1879-1955 AD)
Einstein is considered one of the greatest revolutionary scientists that ever existed. He has become synonymous with the word ‘Scientist’. Einstein has a reputation for having the greatest original theories. Einstein has discovered many laws and theories that still hold water in the scientific world today. His most recognized and famous contribution to science is the theory of relativity, which still stands as part of the backbone of modern physics along with quantum mechanics. His equation; ‘E=MC2‘ is often referred to as “the world’s most famous equation”. He has done many other things, but if we list out all of them, you might be sitting here for the next couple of hours reading. Albert Einstein’s genius mind for scientific advancement has made immeasurable changes to the world.
Sir Isaac Newton (1643-1727)
He was one of the most influential scientists ever and was a physicist, astronomer, mathematician, author, theologian. He helped develop the infinitesimal calculus, Newtonian telescope, the theories of universal gravitation, laws of motion, laws of mechanics, and the composition of white light. Newton was an incredibly brilliant mind, and without him, a lot of the technologies wouldn’t have existed, and we would not have any information about the universe and its mechanism.
Well, that’s our pick. What’s your thought about the above list? Of course, you can have different views regarding the greatest scientific minds of all time. Who do you think has made the greatest contribution to society?
Check out our article on ‘The greatest inventions and discoveries‘.